It is not possible to mention inferior dieting and leave out physical dormancy while discussing behavioral health risk factors. The vitality of appropriate nutrition and body exercise in reducing most of the chronic diseases is a well-instituted fact (Kovner & Knickman, 2011). In the US, 310, 000 to 580,000 deaths result from the typical conditions arising from unfortunate dieting and bodily inoperativeness such as diabetes, stroke and osteoporosis (Tengland, 2010). Poor dieting involves inadequacy in eating and unbalanced diet that constitutes excessive consumption of one particular type of food. The essay will examine the interventions to poor dieting and physical inactivity using the population-based intervention model offering a response at each of the following stages downstream, midstream and upstream.
The downstream interventions to poor dieting and physical inactivity constitute the assistive interferences directed towards individuals and families to rectify the health risk behaviors (Leddy, 2006). At the personal and family level, individuals should be helped to decrease the period spent on snacking, watching the television or excessively using electronic devices through playing computer games as an intervention mechanism. Snacking should be replaced by eating healthy foods while the time spent on electronic devices should be utilized in exercising the body.
The midstream interventions are those approaches targeting the local communities to remedy poor dieting and physical inactivity (Leddy, 2006). The intervention apparatus could be targeted at local educational facilities. In the schools, physical fitness lessons shall be integrative of the standard schooling activities. Further, the school should change food choices provided in their vending machines and cafeterias, particularly in regard to young children. It is significant since children will mostly eat or activities they like without understanding of their health risks.
Lastly, the upstream interventions comprise the corrective strategies aimed at amending economic, political and environmental factors (Leddy, 2006). The upstream interferences involve product labeling, indicating the nutritional value while increasing the tax on foods with low nutrients, especially junks. Labeling and increasing the tax on foods of low nutrient value help citizens revert to foods that are significant in terms of nutrients.
Most individuals with poor dietary habits and bodily inactivity do not understand their consequences. As a result, eliminating the behavioral characteristics that are unfortunate dietary and physical dormancy will significantly reduce cases of diabetes and stroke among other adverse effects. To bring awareness to individuals on the vitality of proper diets and physical exercise is multidimensional. The use of downstream, midstream and upstream approaches is the multifaceted interventions necessary to curb the negative consequences.